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興罡石化設備

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煉油相關專業詞匯 石油化工

作者: 興罡石化設備| 時間:2016-11-02 16:13:23 | 點擊次數:

一、圖例
1、管道
主要管道 PRIMARY PIPING(3B)
次要管道 SECONDARY PIPING(1B)
軟管 FLEXIBLE HOSE
催化劑輸送管道 CATALYST TRANSPORTATION PIPING(6B)
管道交叉 PIPING ACROSS
管道連接 LINE JUNCTION
伴熱管道 HEAT TRACING PIPING
保溫(X見保溫類型) INSULATION
帶保溫的夾套管線 JACKETED LINE WITH HOT INSULATION
坡度 SLOPE(AS:x=0.3%)
管內介質流向 MEDIUM FLOW DIRECTION
分工界區 USER LIMIT,X=CLIENT OR
膨脹節 EXPANSION JOINT
待建項目邊界線 FUTURE
管道等級分界線 PIPE SPEC BREAK
相界面標示符 PHASE INTERFACE LIMIT
裝置邊界線或成套設備邊界線 BATTERY, MODULE OR PACKAGE LIMITS
自流 GRAVITY FLOW
2、閥門 VALVES
閘閥 GATE VALVE
截止閥 GLOBE VALVE
止回閥 CHECK VALVE
角式截止閥 ANGLE VALVE
減壓閥 PRESSURE REDUCING VALVE
球閥 BALL VALVE
蝶閥 BUTTERFLY VALVE
隔膜閥 DIAPHRAGM VALVE
針型閥 NEEDLE VALVE
柱塞閥 PISTON TYPE VALVE
三通閥 THREE-WAY VALVE
旋塞閥 COCK (PLUG) VALVE
三通旋塞閥 THREE-WAY COCK VALVE
四通旋塞閥 FOUR-WAY COCK VALVE
插板閥 INSERTER VALVE
波紋管密封閥 BELLOWS SEAL VALVE
帶隔斷止回閥 STOP CHECK(NON-RETURN) VALVE
夾套閥 JACKETED VALVE
帶泄放口閘閥 GATE VALVE WITH BODY BLEED
或帶吹掃孔閥OR BLOWING HOLE
呼吸閥 BREATHER VALVE
Y型截止閥 "Y"TYPE GLOBE VALVE
Y型單向截止閥 "Y"TYPE GLOBE VALVE
四通閥 FOUR-WAY VALVE
單杠桿式安全閥SINGLE LEVER PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
雙杠桿式安全閥 DOUBLE LEVER PRESSURE RELIEF OR SAFETY VALVE
封閉式彈簧安全閥 CLOSED SPRING PRESSURE RELIEF OR SAFETY VALVE
開啟式彈簧安全閥 STARTING SPRING PRESSURE RELIEF OR SAFETY VALVE
先導式安全閥 PILOT OPERATED PRESSURE RELIEF OR SAFETY VALVE
壓力和真空泄放閥PRESSURE AND VACUUM RELIEF VALVE
或保護閥 OR CONSERVATION VENT
3、關鍵和小型設備FITTINGS & SPECIALTIES
盲板 BLANK
墊環 SPACER
8字盲板(正常關閉) FIGURE 8 BLIND(CLOSED POSITION)
8字盲板(正常開啟) FIGURE 8 BLIND (OPEN POSITION)
同心大小頭 CONCENTRIC REDUCER(OR GENERIC)
偏心大小頭 ECCENTRIC REDUCER
排放大氣ATMOSPHERIC VENT
限流孔板(調壓板) ORIFICE PLATE
可調孔板(調壓) ORIFICE PLATE
絲堵 PLUG
短接頭,快速接頭 HOSE CONNECTION QUICK JOINT
活接頭 UNION NIPPLE
管帽 THREADED CAP
法蘭連接 FLANGE CONNECTION
封頭 CAP
法蘭式管封頭FLANGED END
移動短管 REMOVABLE SPOOL
法蘭盲蓋 BLIND FLANGE
管牙接口及悶蓋 FIRE COUPLING AND COVER
籃式過濾器 BASKET TYPE STRAINER
網狀過濾器 GAUGE STRAINER
Y型過濾器 Y-TYPE STRAINER
臨時過濾器 TEMPORARY STRAINER
T型過濾器 T-TYPE STRAINER
空氣過濾器 AIR FILTER
錐型過濾器 CONE TYPE STRAINER
阻火器 FLAME ARRESTOR
靜態混合器 STATIC MIXER
壓力爆破片 RUPTURE DISC OR SAFETY HEAD FOR PRESSURE RELIEF(EXPLOSION PANEL)
真空爆破片 RUPTURE DISC OR SAFETY HEAD FOR VACUUM RELIEF
疏水器 STEAM TRAP
疏水放凈基本符號, 例如:冷凝排放 TRAP DRAIN e.g.CONDENSATE RELEASE, BASIC SYMBOLS
疏水放空基本符號, 例如:自動空氣疏水閥 TRAP VENT e.g.AUTOMATIC AIR VALVE, BASIC SYMBOLS
疏水閥組 B表示疏水閥符號 2表示閥數 STEAM TRAP ASSEMBLY B=SYMBOL LETTER 2=REQUIRE NUMBER OF STEAM TRAPS IN ASSEMBLY (OPTIONAL)
虹吸式排放(液封管) SYPHON DRAIN (SEAL LEG)
消聲器 VENT SILENCER
吸氣罩 SUCTION CAP
放空罩 VENT COVER
回轉彎頭 SWING ELBOW
環管 RING HEAD
管道/總管 PIPE/HEADER
防渦流擋板 VORTEX BREAKER
開式漏斗 OPEN DRAIN HUB OR FUNNEL
閉式漏斗 CLOSED DRAIN HUB FUNNEL
污油漏斗 SLOP OIL HUB
玻璃管視鏡 SIGHT GLASS OR SIGHT FLOW INDICATOR
噴淋裝置 SPRAY DEVICE
緊急淋浴 EMERGENCY SHOWER
人孔正視 MANHOLE/MANWAY STRAIGHT VIEW
人孔側視 MANHOLE/MANWAY SIDE VIEW
壓力或真空泄放人孔蓋 PRESSURE & VACUUM RELIEF MANHOLE COVER
臨界流速噴嘴 CRITICAL FLOW NOZZLE
文丘里管或流量噴嘴 VENTURI TUBE&NOZZLE
旋轉給料器 ROTARY FEEDER/VALVE
4、介質代號SERVICE DESIGNATION
AG脫硫酸性氣AMINE GAS
H氫氣 Hydrogen
LPG液化石油氣 LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS
NH氨氣 AMMONIA
RG富氣 RICH GAS
RA富氨氣 RICH AMINE GAS
SG汽提酸性氣 SOUR WATER STRIPPED GAS
SOW酸性水 SOUR WATER
SV溶劑 SOLVENT
LSA MDEA貧液LEAN SOLVENT AMINE
RSA MDEA富液 RICH SOLVENT AMINE
P工藝流體 PROCESS FLUID
S硫磺 SULPHUR
CA空氣COMBUSTION AIR
IA凈化空氣 INSTRUMENT AIR
PA非凈化空氣 PLANT AIR
DG干氣 DRY GAS
FG燃料氣 FUEL GAS
FLG放火炬氣體 FLARE GAS
FL煙氣 FLUE GAS
GI不凝氣/惰性氣 INERT GAS
G氣體 GAS
N氮氣 NITROGEN
O氧氣 OXYGEN
OG廢氣 OFF GAS
TG尾氣 TAIL GAS
CO2二氧化碳 CARBON DIOXIDE
CO一氧化碳 CARBON MONOXIDE
CH化學藥劑 CHEMICAL AGENT
CAT催化劑 CATALYST
AW氨水 AMMONIA WATER
LA液氨 LIQUD AMMONIA
AL酸液 ACID LIQUID
ASL酸渣 ACID SLUDGE
CL堿液 CAUSTIC LIQUID
CSL堿渣 CAUSTIC SLUDGE
FO燃料油 FUEL OIL
FLO沖洗油 FLUSHING OIL
HOG導熱油(氣) HEAT TRANSFER OIL(GAS)
HOL導熱油(液) HEAT TRANSFER OIL(LIQUID)
HSO重污油 HEAVY SLOP SLUDGE OIL
LSO輕污油 LIGHT SLOP SLUDGE OIL
LO潤滑油 LUBRICATING OIL
SO密封油 SEALED OIL
HOS熱油供應 HOT OIL SUPPLY
HOR熱油返回 HOT OIL RETURN
LEO貧吸收油 LEAN OIL
SPO富吸收油 SPONGE OIL
DW生活給水 DOMESTIC WATER
PW生產給水(新鮮水) PRODUCTION/PROCESS WATER
BFW鍋爐用水BOILER FEED WATER
CWS循環冷卻給水 COOLING WATER SUPPLY
CWR循環冷卻回水 COOLING WATER RETURN
CHW冷凍水CHILLED WATER
DMW除鹽水DEMINERALIZED WATER
DOW除氧水 DEOXYGENED WATER
FIW過濾水 FILTERED WATER
RW原水 RAW WATER
SW軟化水SOFTENED WATER
SC蒸汽冷凝水STEAM CONDENSATE
SAS強酸廢水 STRONG ACID SEWER
FRD初期雨水 FIRST-RAIN DRAINAGE
RD雨水 RAIN DRAINAGE
OD含油污水 OILY DRAINAGE
SAD含鹽污水 SALT DRAINAGE
PUW凈水 PURE WATER
RUD回用污水 REUSED DRAINAGE
SSW汽提凈化水 STRIPPED SOUR WATER
TD處理后排水 TREATED DRAINAGE
(CWR) 循環冷卻回水(自流) COOLING WATER RETURN (BY GRAVITY)
CWD循環冷卻水排污 COOLING WATER DRAINAGE
HWS熱水給水 HOT WATER SUPPLY
HWR熱水回水 HOT WATER RETURN
SWS海水給水 SEA WATER SUPPLY
SWR海水回水 SEA WATER RETURN
(SWR) 海水回水(自流) SEA WATER RETURN(BY GRAVITY)
CW澄清水 CLARIFIED WATER
ND清凈廢水 NON-POLLUTED DRAINAGE
PD生產污水 POLLUTED DRAINAGE
AR酸性排泄物 ACID RELIEF
SD生活污水 SANITARY DRAINAGE
AD含酸污水 ACID DRAINAGE
ALD含堿污水 ALKALINE DRAINAGE
WO污油 WASTE OILY
AL鋁鹽溶液 ALUMINUM SOLUTION
PS磷鹽溶液 PHOSPHATE SOLUTION
FE鐵鹽溶液 FERRUM SOLUTION
SO4硫酸 SULPHURIC ACID
PAM絮凝劑溶液 FLOCCULATION SOLUTION
CI緩蝕劑 CORROSION INHIBITOR
SI阻垢劑 SCALE INHIBITOR
CSI緩蝕阻垢劑 CORROSION & SCALE INHIBITOR
DP干粉 DRY POWDER
AC活性碳 ACTIVATED CARBON
OS油泥 OILY SLUDGE
. CHS化學藥劑廢液 CHEMICAL SEWER
FC泡沫液 FOAM CONCENTRATE
FS泡沫混合液 FOAM SOLUTION
FW消防水 FIRE FIGHTING WATER
HS高壓蒸汽HIGH PRESSURE STEAM
MS中壓蒸汽 MEDIUM PRESSURE STEAM SUPERHEATED
LS低壓蒸汽 LOW PRESSURE STEAM SUPERHEATED
LLS低低壓蒸汽 LOW LOW PRESSURE STEAM
ES乏汽 EXHAUST STEAM
5、縮寫 GENERAL ABBREVIATIONS
HC手控 HAND CONTROL
NC正常關 NORMALLY CLOSED
NO正常開 NORMALLY OPEN
CSO鉛封開CAR SEAL OPEN
CSC鉛封關CAR SEAL CLOSEED
LO鎖定開 LOCK OPEN
LC鎖定關 LOCK CLOSEED
TSO緊密關閉TIGHT SHUT-OFF
A傳熱面積m2 HEAT TRANSFER AREA
H/HC氫油比(體積) HYDROGEN AND HYDROGEN CARBON RADIO(VOLUME)
R回流比 REFLUX RADIO
NNF正常無流量 NORMALLY NO FLOW
ATM大氣 ATMOSPHERIC,ATMOSPHERE
FV全真空 FULL VACUUM
AP取樣點 SAMPLING
MH人孔 MANHOLE
RD爆破片 RUPTURE DISC
SO蒸汽吹掃出口 STEAM OUT
UC公用工程接口 UTILITY CONNECTION
S/D停車 SHUT DOWN
S/U開工 START UP
AG地上 ABOVE GROUND
UG地下 UNDER GROUND
BL界區 BATTERY LIMIT
ISBL界區內 INSIDE BATTERY LIMIT
OSBL界區外 OUTSIDE BATTERY LIMIT
DN公稱直徑 NOMINAL DIAMETER,mm
DIA直徑 DIAMETER
ID內徑 INNER DIAMETER,mm
MAX最大 MAXIMUM
MIN最小 MINIMUM
Mm毫米 MILLIMETER
PN公稱壓力 NOMINAL PRESSURE
WP工作壓力 WORKING PRESSURE
STD標準 STANDARD
TL切線 TANGENT LINE
T-T切線-切線 TANGENT TO TANGENT
FP全開口 FULL PORT
BYP旁路 BYPASS
CL中心線 CENTERLINE
CTR中心 CENTER
DWG圖紙 DRAWING
OP輸出 OUTPUT
PRESS壓力 PRESSURE
TEMP溫度 TEMPERATURE
OVHD塔頂 OVERHEAD
BD鍋爐排污 BLOW DOWN
V排大氣 VENT TO ATMOSPHERE
DR排污 DRAINS
MOC建筑材料 MATERIAL OF CONSTRUCTION
MTL材料 MATERIAL
(F) 供給,提供 FURNISHED
REFRAC折射計 REFRACTOMETER
6、PFD物流代碼及匯總表STREAM DESIGNATION&DATA SUMMARY at PFD
物流編號STREAM DESIGNATION&DATA SUMMARY at PFD
物流名稱 Stream Name
相態 Phase
溫度 Temperature
壓力 Pressure
摩爾流量 Mol Flow
質量流量 Mass Flow
實際密度 Density@T&P
動力粘度 Viscocity
恒壓熱容 Cp
平均分子量 MW
壓縮因子 Z
焓 Enthalpy
6、管道基本材質MATERIAL FOR PIPE
A Q235B,Q235A K TP321
B 20#,16Mn L 0Cr18Ni9,0Cr19Ni9,
C 20#,16Mn
D C.S(A105,A106) N TP316,TP316L,
E C-0.5Mo
F 1.25Cr-0.5Mo P MONEL
G 2.25Cr-1Mo Q INCONEL
H 1Cr5Mo,5Cr-0.5Mo R INCOLOY
S HASTELLOY
7、儀表圖例
開關量電信號線ELECTRIC BINARY SIGNAL(ON-OFF)
測量引線CONNECTION TO PROCESS LINE OR INSTRUMENT SUPPLY
電動信號線ELECTRIC SIGNAL
氣動信號線PNEUMATIC SIGNAL
液壓信號線HYDRAULIC SIGNAL
軟件或數據連接 SOFTWARE OR DATA LINK
電磁或聲信號線ELECTROMAGNETIC, SONIC OR LIGHT BEAM
毛細管 CAPILLARY TUBING(FILLED SYSTEM)
聯鎖 MECHANICAL LINK
執行機構VALVE ACTUATORS
氣動薄膜執行機構DIAPHRAGM ACTUATOR
單作用活塞執行機構SINGLE ACTION CYLINDER/PISTON ACTUATOR
電磁驅動執行機構 SINGLE SOLENOID ACTUATOR
雙作用活塞執行機構DOUBLE ACTION CYLINDER/PISTON ACTUATOR
電動執行機構MOTOR ACTUATOR
帶有電氣定位器的膜頭執行器DIAPHRAGM ACTUATOR W/ELECTRO-PNEUMATIC POSITIONER
電液驅動ELECTRIC/HYDRAULIC DRIVER
壓力平衡膜頭執行器PRESSURE BALANCED DIAPHRAGM ACTUATOR
帶手輪HAND WHEEL USED WITH ANY ACTUATOR
帶手動復位手柄SINGLE WITH SOLENOID WITH MANUAL RESET
帶重置RESET
遠程復位SINGLE WITH SOLENOID WITH REMOTE RESET
吹洗或沖洗PURGE & FLUSH
信號燈PILOT LIGHTS
就地安裝信號燈PILOT LIGHT FIELD MOUNTED
控制室盤面安裝信號燈PILOT LIGHT MOUNTED ON PANEL IN CONTROL ROOM
就地盤面安裝信號燈PILOT LIGHT MOUNTED ON LOCAL PANEL
屏幕報警DISPLAY ALARM
主要流量檢測元件圖例PRIMARY ELEMENT SYMBOLS (FLOW)
孔板ORIFICE PLATE W/FLANGES
皮托管 PITOT TUBE
流量噴嘴 FLOW NOZZLE
透平式流量計 TURBINE OR PROPELLER METER
漩渦流量計 VORTEX FLOW METER
超聲波流量計 SONIC FLOW INSTRUMENT
管道安裝的其它流量計 OTHER FLOW METER INSTALLED IN LINE
外部安裝表面檢測點 SURFACE MEASURING POINT EXTERNALLY MOUNTED
內部安裝的表面檢測點 SURFACE MEASURING POINT INTERNALLY MOUNTED
轉子流量計 ROTAMETER
楔式流量計 WEIR
文丘里流量計 VENTURI
電磁流量計 MAGNETIC
靶式流量計 TARGET FLOW INSTRUMENT
均速管流量計 AVERAGING ANNUBAR
雙轉子流量計 DUPLES ROTOS METER
工藝或設備測量點,a表示 基本符號或流量檢測點,壓力檢測點等. MEASURING POINT(s) EQUIPMENT.ON PROCESS OR EQUIPMENT. "a"REPRESENTS BASIC SYMBOL OR FP,PP,ETC.
8、調節閥閥體
柱塞閥GLOBLE VALVE
滑閥SLIDE VALVE
蝶閥BUTTERFLY VALVE
三通控制閥3-WAY CONTROL VALVE
球閥BALL VALVE
四通控制閥4-WAY CONTROL VALVE
閘閥GATE VALVE
隔膜閥DIAPHRAGM VALVE
角閥ANGLE VALVE
塞閥PLUG VALVE
9、縮寫
DCS集散型控制系統DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM
ESD緊急停車系統EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN DEVICE
CCR中心控制室CENTER CONTROL ROOM
FCR現場控制室FIELD CONTROL ROOM
FAR現場機柜室FIELD AUXILIARY ROOM
MCC馬達控制中心MOTOR CONTROL CENTRE
DCS分散控制系統DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM
CCS壓縮機控制系統COMPRESSOR CONTROL SYSTEM
SIS安全儀表系統SAFE INSTRUMENT SYSTEM
SGS安全保護系統SAFEGUARDING SYSTEM
APC先進控制ADVANCED PROCESS CONTROL
PLC可編程控制器PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER
UC DCS聯鎖邏輯DCS INTERLOCK LOGIC
US SIS聯鎖邏輯SIS INTERLOCK LOGIC
NU 放射信號NUCLEAR
NU 放射信號NUCLEAR
RD 雷達信號 RADAR
TF 音叉信號TUNING FORK
US超聲波信號 ULTRASONIC
AH 分析室 ANALYSER HOUSE
GLC 氣液色譜儀 GAS LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPH
mLIQ. 液體計量儀 METERS LIQUID
SER 順序記錄儀 SEQUENTIAL EVENT RECORDER
VDU 視頻顯示單元 VIDEO DISPLAY UNIT
DISP 浮筒 DISPLACER
D/P 差壓式液位計 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE TYPE LEVEL INSTRUMENT
CAP 電容式液位儀表 CAPACITANCE TYPE LEVEL INSTRUMENT
PM高溫計 PYROMETER.
RTD 熱電阻測溫元件 RESISTANCE TEMPERATURE DETECTOR
SKIN 表面熱電偶METAL SKIN THERMOCOUPLE
TC 熱電偶 THERMOCOUPLE
DPO 差壓孔板 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE ORIFICE
DPV 差壓文丘里 DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE VENTURI
RO 限流孔板 RESTRICTION ORIFFICE
TM 熱式質量流量計 THERMAL MASS
TU 渦輪TURBINE
VA 轉子 VARIABLE AREA
VM 渦街 VORTEX
MAG 電磁式儀表 MAGNETIC TYPE INSTRUMENT
ABP 正常沸點 ATMOSPHERIC BOILING POINT
AMB環境AMBIENT
AMP 安培 AMPERE
PV 工藝變量 PROCESS VARIABLE
MV 測量值 MEASURED VALUE
SV 設定值 SET VALUE
SP 外部設定點 EXTERNAL SET POINT
SR 分段 SPLIT RANGE
H 高限 HIGH
HH 高高聯鎖HIGH-HIGH (INTERLOCK)
HHH 超高限 EXTREME HIGH
L 低限LOW
LL 低低聯鎖 LOW-LOW (INTERLOCK)
LLL 超低限 EXTREME LOW
RPM 轉速 ROTATIONS PER MINUTE
BTSO 雙密封緊密關閉 BUBBLE TIGHT SHUT-OFF
LC# 泄漏等級,#為1到6級 LEAKAGE CLASS,#:I TURN VI
MSL 最大緊密等級 MAXIMUM SEAT LEAKAGE(CLASS Ⅳ,Ⅴ,Ⅵ)
PSO 完全關閉POSITIVE SHUT-OFF(CLASS Ⅵ)
ROV 遠程控制閥 REMOTE OPERATED VALVE
NDE正常不通電NORMALLY DE-ENERGIZED
NE正常通電 NORMALLY ENERGIZED
OOS 操作人員用超越開關 0PERATIONAL OVERRIDE SWITCH
A 報警 ALARM
C 關閉 CLOSED
O 開 OPEN
DEO 斷電(開/關) DE-ENERGIZED (OPEN/CLOSED)
EO 通電(開/關) ENERGIZED (OPEN/CLOSED)
HOA 手動,自動切換 HAND-OFF-AUTOMATIC
MOS 維修用超越開關 MAINTENANCE OVERRIDE SWITCH
MR 手動復位 MANUAL RESET
NO 正常開NORMALLY OPEN
NC 正常關 NORMALLY CLOSED
PD 正位移 POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT
REV 反作用 REVERSE ACTION
TD 時間延遲TIME DELAY
PEFS 工藝設計流程方案 PROCESS ENGINEERING FLOW SCHEME
PFS 工藝流程方案 PROCESS FLOW SCHEME
PFD 工藝流程圖 PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM
P&ID 工藝儀表流程圖 PIPING&INSTRUMENT DIAGRAM
CSO 鉛封開(程序操作) CAR SEAL OPEN(OPEATING WITH PROCEDURE)
CSC 鉛封關(程序操作) CAR SEAL CLOSED(OPEATING WITH PROCEDURE)
LO 鎖定開 LOCK OPEN
LC 鎖定關 LOCK CLOSED
HS 開關、按鈕 HAND SWITCH
2 3 3取2 2 OUT OF 3
M 33取中間值 MIDDLE OF 3
MV 電動閥 MOTOR VALVE
FC故障時關(供氣故障或電故障) FAIL CLOSED(VALVE TO CLOSE ON AIR &ELECTRICAL FAILURE)
FO故障時開(供氣故障或電故障) FAIL OPEN(VALVE TO OPEN ON AIR & ELECTRICAL FAILURE)
FL供氣中斷時調節閥位置不變FAIL LOCKED(LAST POSITION)
FL/FO 故障鎖定(故障前位置,趨向開) FAIL LOCKED(LAST POSITION,TENDENCY TO OPEN)
FL/FC 故障鎖定(故障前位置,趨向關) FAIL LOCKED(LAST POSITION,TENDENCY TO CLOSE)
ZSC閥位開關(關狀態) LIMIT SWITCH CLOSED
ZSO 閥位開關(開狀態) LIMIT SWITCH OPEN
AS合金鋼ALLOY STEEL
CS 碳鋼 CARBON STEEL
SS不銹鋼STAINLESS STEEL
FCS光潔碳鋼(低溫工況) FINE GRAINED CS(LOW TEMP.SERVICE)
PWHT 焊后熱處理 POSTWELD HEAT TREAT
ASL 在操作人員安全地點 TO ATMOSPHERE AT OPERATOR SAFE LOCATION
D導淋(放凈) DRAIN
V 放空VENT
RB 異徑孔 REDUCED BORE
FB全孔 FULL BORE
PTP 絲堵 PIPE TAP PLUGGED
HP 高壓 HIGH PRESSURE
LP 低壓 LOW PRESSURE
MP 中壓 MEDIUM PRESSURE.
MIN. 最小(距離) MINIMUM(DISTANCE)
OD 外徑 OUTSIDE DIAMETER
BTL 底切線 BOTTOM TANGENT LINE
TTL 頂切線 TOP TANGENT LINE
EXISTING 現有的 EXISTING
NEW 新的 NEW
REVAMP 改造的 MODIFIED
MW 通道 MANWAY
UL 裝置界區 UNIT LIMIT
HH 手孔 HAND HOLE
COF 浮子中心 CENTER OF FLOAT
AA空氣換氣點 AERATION POINT USING AIR
DG 氣體換氣點 AERATION POINT USING GAS
DN 氮氣換氣點 AERATION POINT USING NITROGEN
DS 蒸汽換氣點 AERATION POINT USING STEAM
INS 保溫 INSULATE
AW分析儀工藝接頭 ANALYZER PROCESS CONNECTION
HC軟管接頭 HOSE CONNECTION
HS軟管站 HOSE STATION
SC采樣接頭 SAMPLE CONNECTION
PVV真空閥 PRESSURE VACUUM VALVE
RD爆破片 RUPTURE DISK(BURSTING DISK)
SG視鏡 SIGHT GLASS
STA蒸汽疏水閥組 STEAM TRAP ASSEMBLY
WE隨設備提供 SUPPLIED WITH EQUIPMENT
9、工藝設備圖
固定頂罐 Fixed roof tank
內浮頂罐 Internal floating roof tank
外浮頂罐 External floating roof tank
干式氣罐 Dry gasholder
濕式氣罐 Wet gasholder
球形罐 Spherical tank
板式塔 Plate column
填料塔或軸向反應器 Packed column or axial reactors
徑向反應器 Radial reactor
釜式反應器 Kettle type reactor
火炬 Flare
煙囪 Stack
加熱爐 Fired heater
圓筒形加熱爐 Cylinder heater
立式加熱爐 Vertical heater
組合式箱式爐 heater
空氣預熱器 Air preheater
浸沒式冷卻器(PFD) Submerged cooler
浸沒式冷卻器(PID) Submerged cooler(PID)
熱管式預熱器 Hot tube preheater
板框式換熱器 Plate type heat exchanger
混合加熱器 Heat mixer
重沸器或加熱器(PFD) Reboiler or heater(PFD)
管殼式換熱器(PFD) Shell and tube heat exchanger(PFD)
管殼式冷卻器(PFD) Shell and tube cooler(PFD)
加熱盤管 Heat coil
密閉取樣冷卻器 Closure sample cooler
取樣冷卻器 sample cooler
浮頭式/固定板換熱器 Floading head/fixed tubesheet exchanger
U型管換熱器 U tube exchanger
臥式重沸器 Horizontal reboiler
臥式冷凝器 Horizontal condensator
釜式重沸器 Kettle type reboiler
蒸汽發生器 Steam generator
干式空冷器 Dry air cooler
濕式空冷器 Wet air cooler
立式重沸器或薄膜蒸發器 Vertical reboiler /film evaporator
套管換熱器或冷卻器 Double pipe heat exchanger/cooler
大氣冷凝器 Atmospheric(vent) comdensator
板殼式換熱器 Plate-shell exchanger
液化氣氣化器 LG vaporizer
減溫器 Desuperheat
催化劑料倉 Catalyst storage hopper
料斗 Stock hopper
帶氣包容器 Vessel with gas drum
立式容器 Vertical vessel
臥式容器 Horizontal vessel
帶水包容器 Vessel with sump or drop leg
管道凝液收集器 Pipe condensate collector
電動離心泵/電動旋渦泵 Motor centrifugal pump/motor vortex pump
汽動離心泵 Steam-driven centrifugal pump
立式泵或管道泵 Vertical pump/inline pump
浸沒泵(液下泵) Submersible pump
電動往復泵 Motor reciprocating pump
汽動往復泵 Steam-driven reciprocating pump
電動往復計量泵 Motor reciprocating metering pump
齒輪泵 Sliding rane pump
手搖泵 Hand pump
螺桿泵 Screw rane pump
水環式真空泵 Liquid ring vacuum pump
水環式壓縮機 Liquid ring compressor
螺桿壓縮機 Screw compressor
鼓風機/引風機 Blower
汽動離心壓縮機 Steam-driven centrifugal compressor
電動離心壓縮機 Motor centrifugal compressor
汽動往復式壓縮機 Steam-driven reciprocating compressor
電動往復式壓縮機 Motor reciprocating compressor
密閉式真空過濾機 Vacuum filter
敞開式真空過濾機 Rotary-drum Vacuum filter
板框式過濾機 Plate-frame filter
立式精密過濾器 Vertical fine filter
葉氏過濾機 Pressure leaf filter
圓盤式過濾機 Disc type filter
聚結器 Coalescer
除氧器 Deaerator
旋風分離器 Cyclone
套管結晶器 Jacket tube crystallizer
板式結晶器 Plate crystallizer
板框式成型機 Plate-frame forming machine
磅秤 Metering
輕便小車 Trolly
斗式提升機 Bucket elevator
螺旋運輸機 Screw convayer
皮帶運輸機 Belt convayer
單軌吊車 Vertical reboiler/film evaporator
雙軌吊車 Vertical reboiler/film evaporator
密閉裝卸鶴管 Sealing loading/unloading grand arm pipe
裝卸鶴管 Loading/unloading grand arm pipe
帶潛液泵卸車鶴管 Unloading grand arm pipe w/buried pump
洗眼器 Eye washer
水封 Deaerator water seal
噴射器或抽空氣 Ejector or eductor
翅片管 Finned tube
降壓孔板 Pressure reducing orifice
管道混合器 In-line mixer
攪拌器 Agitator
空氣噴射器 Air sparger
脈沖消除器 Pulsation dampener
空氣冷卻器 Air cooler
吹灰器 Ash blower
風幕 Air shelter
空氣過濾器 Air filter
組合式空調機組 Assembled air-conditioner unit
空調機(室內機) Air-conditioner(indoors)
空調機(室外機) Air-conditioner(outdoors)
鍋爐 Boiler
壓縮機/風機 Compressor/blower
新風凈化機組 Flash air compressor unit
表面冷卻器 Surface cooler
吊扇 Hung fan
涼水塔 Cooling water tower
旋風分離器 Cyclone
干燥器 Dryer
減濕器 Desuperheat
冷換設備 Heat exchanger
排風機 Discharge fan
電暖器/空氣電加熱器 Electric heater/electric air-heater
抽空器 Ejector
煙氣輪機/膨脹機 Expander
工業爐 Furnace or fired heater
阻火器 Flame arrestor
空冷器風機 Fan of air-cooler
風機盤管 Fans coil
通風柜 Ventilation cabinet
過濾器/聚結器 Filters/coalescer
火炬 Flare
切粒機 Cut-pelletizer
燃氣輪機 Gas turbine
加濕器 Humidifier
空氣加熱器 Air heater
液力透平 Hydraulic turbine
換熱機組 Exchanger unit
擠壓機 Extruder
鶴管 Loading/unloading pipe
混合器(攪拌器) Mixer(agitator)
泵 Pump
成套/撬裝設備 Packing euquipment
安全閥 Safety valve
透平驅動式泵 Pump drivren by turbine
電機 Motor
反應器/再生器/轉化器 Reactors/regenerator/converter
回風機 Reurn air fan
限流孔板 Restriction orifice
重力和機械分離器 Separator
盲板 Spectacle blind
取樣冷卻器 Sample cooler
送風機 Air supply fan
消聲器 Silencer
特殊閥門 Special valve
煙囪 Stack
管列式/桶式過濾器 Basket strainer
蒸汽透平 Steam turbine
塔 Tower/column
儲罐 Tank
暖風機 Unit heater
容器/分離器 Vessel/drums/separators
風帽 Wind/blast cap
冷水機組 Refrigerating machine
水處理設備 Water-treating unit
其他 Others
 

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